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Php call function from variable

Содержание

Old Methods

Update: One of the old methods explained here has been removed. Refer to other answers for explanation on other methods, it is not covered here. By the way, if this answer doesn't help you, you should return upgrading your stuff. PHP 5.6 support has ended in January 2019 (now even PHP 7.1 and 7.2 are not being supported). See supported versions for more information.

As others mentioned, in PHP5 (and also in newer versions like PHP7) we could use variables as function names, use call_user_func() and call_user_func_array() (which, personally, I hate those functions), etc.

New Methods

As of PHP7, there are new ways introduced:

Note: Everything inside brackets means one or more expressions to form something, e.g. means expressions forming a function name.

Dynamic Function Call: Function Name On-the-fly

We can use one or more expressions inside parentheses as the function name in just one go, in the form of:

()(arguments);

For example:

function something(): string
{
    return "something";
}

$bar = "some_thing";

(str_replace("_", "", $bar))(); // something

// Possible, too; but generally, not recommended, because makes your code more complicated
(str_replace("_", "", $bar))()(); 

Note: Although removing the parentheses around str_replace() is not an error, putting parentheses makes code more readable. However, you cannot do that sometimes, e.g. while using . operator. To be consistent, I recommend you to put the parentheses always.

Dynamic Method Call: Method Name On-the-fly

Just like dynamic function calls, we can do the same way with method calls, surrounded by curly braces instead of parentheses (for extra forms, navigate to TL;DR section):

$object->{}(arguments);
$object::{}(arguments);

See it in an example:

class Foo
{
    public function another(): string
    {
        return "something";
    }
}

$bar = "another thing";

(new Something())->{explode(" ", $bar)[0]}(); // something

Dynamic Method Call: The Array Syntax

A more elegant way added in PHP7 is the following:

[, ](arguments);
[, ](arguments); // Static calls only

As an example:

class Foo
{
    public function nonStaticCall()
    {
        echo "Non-static call";
    }
    public static function staticCall()
    {
        echo "Static call";
    }
}

$x = new X();

[$x, "non" . "StaticCall"](); // Non-static call
[$x, "static" . "Call"](); // Static call

Note: The benefit of using this method over the previous one is that, you don't care about the call type (i.e. whether it's static or not).

Note: If you care about performance (and micro-optimizations), don't use this method. As I tested, this method is really slower than other methods (more than 10 times).

Extra Example: Using Anonymous Classes

Making things a bit complicated, you could use a combination of anonymous classes and the features above:

$bar = "SomeThing";

echo (new class {
    public function something()
    {
        return 512;
    }
})->{strtolower($bar)}(); // 512